The CE certification is an essential element in the marketing of certain types of products on the European market.
The CE mark guarantees consumers the conformity of the product with all the provisions of the European Community, regarding the protection of health, safety and protection of the environment.
As highlighted in the decision of the European Parliament and of the Council n. 768/2008 / CE, CE marking "It is the visible consequence of a whole process that includes conformity assessment in a broad sense" .
This process, governed by Decision nº 768/2008 / CE , presents a series of specific requirements of the economic operators involved.
To get to the heart of the tasks of the different economic agents, the following figures have been identified: manufacturer , authorized representative , importer and distributor ; or people involved in the production, entry and distribution of the product on the market.
At a general level, CE certification of products is to be counted among the manufacturer's duties, but there are several implications involving first-hand figures from the importer and distributor.
This is the person, natural or legal, who manufactures the product or material and commissioned the design and manufacture, marketing it under their name or trademark.
This figure has the obligation to elaborate, or to prepare a competent laboratory, see Sicom Testing , the conformity assessment procedure , ensuring that it is consistent with the requirements of the European Union directives.
The EU Declaration of Conformity will be drawn up, or to prepare, the preparation of a technical file for the CE marking that contains the documents certifying the full conformity of the object with the applicable regulations.
This technical file must be prepared before the object is placed on the market and is stored for 10 years.
e 'the obligation of the manufacturer to affix the CE mark , which must be visible, legible and indelible, and the development of corrective actions when noticing that the product placed on the market does not comply with the directives of the European Communities.
As explained in Decision n. 768/2008 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, the manufacturer is authorized to appoint, by written mandate, an authorized representative.
This is in charge of maintaining relations with the competent national authorities, which the manufacturer represents in the act of preserving, and making available, the EU declaration of conformity and technical documentation, exposing them promptly after a reasoned request.
The authorized representative is responsible for cooperating with the national authorities in all those actions that will resolve the compliance risks of the products included in his representation mandate.
The European Community has established that the importer is the person, natural or legal, entering the EU market of a product from a third country.
The importer has to verify that the product he has imported:
• is equipped with a Certificate of Conformity;
• has the CE mark visible, legible and indelible;
• have the traceability documentation;
• comply with all specific warnings.
When the importer has reason to believe that the product does not comply, he should not put it on the market, as long as it has not been complied with.
The importer must guarantee that the period of time when the product is under his responsibility will not be modified in such a way as to compromise compliance .
The importer is subject to the duty to identify , with which his data - name, address, trade name or registered trademark - the object or, if this is not possible, in an accompanying document or the packaging of the product itself.
finally, as in the case of the manufacturer, the importer has the obligation to keep the technical documentation for 10 years after the product is placed on the market and to inform the manufacturer and the control authorities whenever there are emerging risk factors that could cause product conformity damage.
It is the natural or legal person - different from the manufacturer or the importer - the distribution of a product on the market.
Among its obligations to guarantee that we can count, as in the case of the importer, of the conformity of the product with the directives of the European Union , such as for the CE marking, indications related to traceability and warnings, ensuring knowledge of the technical documentation connected to the product.
The distributor also has the obligation to ensure that, in the time frame in which the product is under his responsibility, this will not be exposed to risks that may compromise compliance.
my 'Finally, you have to know that the distributor recognizing non-compliant products and work to report inconsistencies.
An important case, it should be noted, is that of an importer or a distributor who is marketing a product under its own name or trademark . In this eventuality, in fact, the people in question are considered by law as a manufacturer and must comply with all obligations related to their figure.
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